Atropa belladonna

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Atropa belladonna L.

Solanaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   7

Moisture: moderately moist

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: berry

182B / 873a3c 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: fully double
Habit: pendant

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Solananae
Ordo:
Solanales

Atropa belladonna is a perennial.

Naming

Atropa belladonna was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Atropa belladonna is a species in the genus Atropa which contains approximately 4 to 33 species and belongs to the family of the Solanaceae (Nightshade Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 50 to 150 centimetres.

Leaves

Atropa belladonna is deciduous. The leaves are simple. They are ovate.

Flowers and Fruits

From June to July Atropa belladonna produces solitary pendant auburn flowers that are double and campanulate flowers.

The perennials carry black berries.

Root System

Distribution

Atropa belladonna is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of northern Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, northern Iran and Northwest Africa and is naturalized in Northern Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should have a pH between 7,5 and 8,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 60 to 80 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Atropa belladonna is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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