Atriplex hortensis

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Atriplex hortensis L.

Chenopodiaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: nut

134B / 229143 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Caryophyllidae
Superordo:
Caryophyllanae
Ordo:
Caryophyllales

Atriplex hortensis belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Atriplex hortensis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Atriplex hortensis is a species in the genus Atriplex which contains approximately 298 to 377 species and belongs to the family of the Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 50 to 120 centimetres.

Leaves

Atriplex hortensis is deciduous. The light-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate with dentate margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Atriplex hortensis produces racemes of green flowers from July to September.

The plants produce nuts.

Root System

Distribution

Atriplex hortensis is native to Central Asia and is naturalized in the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles and North Europe.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Uses

The ornamental value of Atriplex hortensis lies especially in the ornamental leaves.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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