Asparagus officinalis

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Asparagus officinalis L.

Asparagaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: acicular

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: berry

3D / efe981 

Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Asparagales

Asparagus officinalis, commonly known as wild asparagus, sparrow grass, is a perennial.

Naming

Asparagus officinalis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Asparagus officinalis is a species in the genus Asparagus which contains approximately 217 to 242 species and belongs to the family of the Asparagaceae (Asparagus Family).

Characteristics

Asparagus officinalis - flowers
Asparagus officinalis - branches
Asparagus officinalis - fruits

Growth

The perennials are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 1 to 1.5 metres.

Leaves

Asparagus officinalis has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are acicular. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Asparagus officinalis produces cluster of ligth-yellow campanulate flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious.

The perennials carry red berries.

Root System

The plants form rhizomes.

Distribution

Asparagus officinalis is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus and West-Siberia and is naturalized in North America.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate

Uses

Suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Asparagus officinalis is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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