Asparagus officinalis L.
Asparagus officinalis, commonly known as wild asparagus, sparrow grass, is a perennial.
Asparagus officinalis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 1 to 1.5 metres.
Asparagus officinalis has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are acicular. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.
Flowers and Fruits
Asparagus officinalis produces cluster of ligth-yellow campanulate flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious.
The perennials carry red berries.
The plants form rhizomes.
Asparagus officinalis is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus and West-Siberia and is naturalized in North America.
The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- high: city climate
Suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
Asparagus officinalis is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.