Asarum europaeum L.
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Asarum europaeum is a perennial.
Asarum europaeum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively slow-growing perennials have a prostrate growth and reach heights of 8 to 10 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.
Asarum europaeum is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are reniform and petiolate with entire margins and palmate venation. The leaves are around 5 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.
Flowers and Fruits
Asarum europaeum produces solitary erect, brown three-stellate flowers from March to April. The plants are hermaphroditic.
The perennials carry brown berries.
The plants form rhizomes.
Asarum europaeum is native to the whole of Europe.
The perennials prefer a shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
Asarum europaeum is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 10 to more than 15. Suited for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, groundcover and as slope plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
Propagate by division.
Asarum europaeum is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.