Asarum canadense

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Asarum canadense L.

Aristolochiaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   4

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: reniform

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: not specified

165B / 92481f 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: prostrate

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Piperopsida
Subclassis:
Piperidae
Superordo:
Lactoridanae
Ordo:
Aristochiales

Asarum canadense is a succulent perennial.

Naming

Asarum canadense was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Asarum canadense is a species in the genus Asarum which contains approximately 130 to 142 species and belongs to the family of the Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family). The type species of the genus is Asarum europaeum.

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a prostrate growth and reach heights of 5 to 8 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Asarum canadense is evergreen. The simple leaves are basal. They are reniform, entire and petiolate. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Asarum canadense produces solitary brown six-stellate flowers from March to April. The plants are hermaphroditic.


Root System

The plants form rhizomes.

Distribution

Asarum canadense is native to Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US and the Southeast of the US.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady to shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should have a pH between 5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 15. Suited for beds and borders, as well as suited as groundcover.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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