Arum maculatum

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Arum maculatum L.

Araceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: sagittate

Division: simple

Shape: spathe
Fruit: berry

150B / c3d238 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: erect

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Aridae
Superordo:
Aranae
Ordo:
Arales

Arum maculatum is a perennial.

Naming

Arum maculatum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Arum maculatum is the type species of the genus Arum which contains approximately 40 to 66 species and belongs to the family of the Araceae (Arum Family).

Characteristics

Arum maculatum - habitus
Arum maculatum - leaves
Arum maculatum - flowers
Arum maculatum - fruits

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.

Leaves

Arum maculatum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are saggitate and petiolate with entire margins and reticulate venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Arum maculatum produces solitary erect, light-green spathae from April to May.

The perennials carry ornamental red berries.

Root System

Distribution

Arum maculatum is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of northern Europe and Turkey and is naturalized in Northern Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 40 to 50 centimetres. Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • If possible the plants should not be transplanted.

Propagate by sowing or by bulblets.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Arum maculatum is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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