Arum maculatum L.
Arum maculatum is a perennial.
Arum maculatum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.
Arum maculatum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are saggitate and petiolate with entire margins and reticulate venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Arum maculatum produces solitary erect, light-green spathae from April to May.
The perennials carry ornamental red berries.
Arum maculatum is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of northern Europe and Turkey and is naturalized in Northern Europe.
The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
The recommended planting distance is 40 to 50 centimetres. Suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
- If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
Propagate by sowing or by bulblets.
Arum maculatum is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.