Artemisia dracunculus

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Artemisia dracunculus L.

Asteraceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   3

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: not specified

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

3D / efe981 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Artemisia dracunculus is a perennial.

Naming

Artemisia dracunculus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Artemisia dracunculus is a species in the genus Artemisia which contains approximately 521 to 696 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Artemisia vulgaris.

Characteristics

Artemisia dracunculus - habitus
Artemisia dracunculus - leaves

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 50 to 120 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Artemisia dracunculus is deciduous. The green leaves are alternate. They are linear.

Flowers and Fruits

Artemisia dracunculus produces panicles of ligth-yellow many-stellate flowers from July to October.

The perennials produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Artemisia dracunculus is native to the European Russia (Belarus, the Ukraine, Moldova, Crimea), West-Siberia, East Siberia, Central Asia, the western Himalaya, Mongolia, China, Alaska, Canada, the whole of the US with the exception of the Northeast, the Southeast of the US and Florida and is naturalized in France, Central Europe, eastern Central Europe and Romania.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

The ornamental value of Artemisia dracunculus lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 60 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • Cut all shoots down to base in spring.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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