Artemisia annua L.
Artemisia annua belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.
Artemisia annua was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Artemisia annua is a species in the genus Artemisia which contains approximately 521 to 696 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Artemisia vulgaris.
The plants reach heights of 30 to 200 centimetres.
Artemisia annua has dark-green, tripinnate leaves that are alternate. The leaflets are linear and have dentate margins.
Flowers and Fruits
Artemisia annua produces ligth-yellow many-stellate flowers from August to September.
The plants produce achenes.
Artemisia annua is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles, Turkey, Syria, Palestine, the Caucasus, northern Iran, West-Siberia, East Siberia, China, Korea and Japan and is naturalized in western Canada, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Rocky Mountains and the Southwest of the US.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12Â°C (USDA zone 8).
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.