Artemisia absinthium L.
Artemisia absinthium is a perennial.
Artemisia absinthium was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Artemisia absinthium is a species in the genus Artemisia which contains approximately 521 to 696 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Artemisia vulgaris.
The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 40 to 60 centimetres.
Artemisia absinthium is deciduous. The mid-green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear.
Flowers and Fruits
Artemisia absinthium produces panicles of light yellow many-stellate flowers from July to September.
The perennials produce achenes.
Artemisia absinthium is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, northern Iran, West-Siberia and Central Asia and is naturalized in North America.
The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
- steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: drought, waterlogging, winter dampness
The ornamental value of Artemisia absinthium lies especially in its fragrance and the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 45 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for cottage gardens.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
- Cut back in spring.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Artemisia absinthium is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.