Artemisia absinthium

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Artemisia absinthium L.

Asteraceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: tripinnate

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

13D / f7de99 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Artemisia absinthium is a perennial.

Naming

Artemisia absinthium was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Artemisia absinthium is a species in the genus Artemisia which contains approximately 521 to 696 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Artemisia vulgaris.

Characteristics

Artemisia absinthium - habitus
Artemisia absinthium - leaves
Artemisia absinthium - inflorescence

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 40 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Artemisia absinthium is deciduous. The mid-green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear.

Flowers and Fruits

Artemisia absinthium produces panicles of light yellow many-stellate flowers from July to September.

The perennials produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Artemisia absinthium is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, northern Iran, West-Siberia and Central Asia and is naturalized in North America.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • rockeries
  • steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought, waterlogging, winter dampness

Uses

The ornamental value of Artemisia absinthium lies especially in its fragrance and the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 45 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for cottage gardens.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.

  • Cut back in spring.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Artemisia absinthium is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links