Artemisia abrotanum L.
Artemisia abrotanum, commonly known as southernwood, lad's love, is a subshrub.
Artemisia abrotanum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Artemisia abrotanum is a species in the genus Artemisia which contains approximately 521 to 696 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Artemisia vulgaris.
The subshrubs reach heights of 50 to 130 centimetres.
Wood and Bark
Artemisia abrotanum is deciduous. The green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear.
Flowers and Fruits
Artemisia abrotanum produces panicles of yellow many-stellate flowers from August to September.
The subshrubs produce achenes.
Artemisia abrotanum is native to $: nat. in S-Eur. , Southeast Europe, western Asia and Sibiria.
The subshrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
- steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: waterlogging, winter dampness
The ornamental value of Artemisia abrotanum lies especially in its fragrance and the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the subshrubs are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Cut back in spring.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.