Artemisia abrotanum

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Artemisia abrotanum L.

Asteraceae

Life form: subshrub
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: dry

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: tripinnate

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Artemisia abrotanum, commonly known as southernwood, lad's love, is a subshrub.

Naming

Artemisia abrotanum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Artemisia abrotanum is a species in the genus Artemisia which contains approximately 521 to 696 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Artemisia vulgaris.

Characteristics

Artemisia abrotanum - leaves

Growth

The subshrubs reach heights of 50 to 130 centimetres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Artemisia abrotanum is deciduous. The green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear.

Flowers and Fruits

Artemisia abrotanum produces panicles of yellow many-stellate flowers from August to September.

The subshrubs produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Artemisia abrotanum is native to $: nat. in S-Eur. , Southeast Europe, western Asia and Sibiria.

Cultivation

The subshrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • rockeries
  • steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: waterlogging, winter dampness

Uses

The ornamental value of Artemisia abrotanum lies especially in its fragrance and the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the subshrubs are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Cut back in spring.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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