Aristolochia clematitis

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Aristolochia clematitis L.

Aristolochiaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: reniform

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: not specified

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Piperopsida
Subclassis:
Piperidae
Superordo:
Lactoridanae
Ordo:
Aristochiales

Aristolochia clematitis is a perennial.

Naming

Aristolochia clematitis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aristolochia clematitis is a species in the genus Aristolochia which contains approximately 489 to 545 species and belongs to the family of the Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family). The type species of the genus is Aristolochia rotunda.

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres.

Leaves

Aristolochia clematitis is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are reniform and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Aristolochia clematitis produces solitary yellow flowers from June to July.


Root System

Distribution

Aristolochia clematitis is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles and North Europe, Turkey and the Caucasus and is naturalized in Great Britain and Norway.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Uses

The ornamental value of Aristolochia clematitis lies especially in the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 50 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Aristolochia clematitis is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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