Aristolochia californica

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Aristolochia californica Torr.

Aristolochiaceae

Life form: climber

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   8

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: not specified

V

80A / 660f6c 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Piperopsida
Subclassis:
Piperidae
Superordo:
Lactoridanae
Ordo:
Aristochiales

Aristolochia californica is a climber.

Naming

Aristolochia californica was described by John Torrey. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aristolochia californica is a species in the genus Aristolochia which contains approximately 489 to 545 species and belongs to the family of the Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family). The type species of the genus is Aristolochia rotunda.

Characteristics

Growth

The climbers reach heights of 4 to 5 metres.

Leaves

Aristolochia californica is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Aristolochia californica produces purple flowers in May. The plants are hermaphroditic.


Root System

The plants form tap roots.

Distribution

Aristolochia californica is native to California.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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