Arisaema triphyllum

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Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott

Araceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: ternate

Shape: spathe
Fruit: berry

134B / 229143 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Aridae
Superordo:
Aranae
Ordo:
Arales

Arisaema triphyllum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Arisaema triphyllum was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Heinrich Wilhelm Schott, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1832.

Taxonomy

Arisaema triphyllum is a species in the genus Arisaema which contains approximately 203 to 218 species and belongs to the family of the Araceae (Arum Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 15 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Arisaema triphyllum is deciduous. The dark-green, ternate leaves are basal. The ovate leaflets are petiolate and have reticulate venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Arisaema triphyllum produces solitary green spathae from March to April.

The plants produce ornamental red berries in summer.

Root System

The plants form tap roots.

Distribution

Arisaema triphyllum is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US and Florida.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. They prefer soil with a pH between 4,8 and 7 and need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: calcareous soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 to 40 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.


Cultivars

Poisonousness

Arisaema triphyllum is slightly toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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