Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott
Arisaema triphyllum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Arisaema triphyllum was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Heinrich Wilhelm Schott, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1832.
The plants reach heights of 15 to 60 centimetres.
Arisaema triphyllum is deciduous. The dark-green, ternate leaves are basal. The ovate leaflets are petiolate and have reticulate venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Arisaema triphyllum produces solitary green spathae from March to April.
The plants produce ornamental red berries in summer.
The plants form tap roots.
Arisaema triphyllum is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US and Florida.
The plants prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. They prefer soil with a pH between 4,8 and 7 and need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- low: calcareous soil
The recommended planting distance is 30 to 40 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
Arisaema triphyllum is slightly toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.