Areca catechu

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Areca catechu L.

Arecaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: berry

13D / f7de99 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: single-stemmed palm, cycad, or similar tree

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Arecidae
Superordo:
Arecanae
Ordo:
Arecales

Areca catechu is a tree.

Naming

Areca catechu was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Areca catechu is a species in the genus Areca which contains approximately 50 to 61 species and belongs to the family of the Arecaceae (Palm Family).

Characteristics

Areca catechu - habitus

Growth

The trees have a single-stemmed palmlike habit and reach heights of 20 to 25 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Areca catechu is evergreen. The leaves are imparipinnate and dark-green. The lanceolate leaflets are entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Areca catechu produces panicles of light yellow cup-shaped flowers from July to August.

The trees carry orange berries.

Root System

Distribution

Cultivation

The trees prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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