Arctium minus Bernh.
Arctium minus, commonly known as common burdock, lesser burdock, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.
Arctium minus was already described and the name validly published by John Hill. It was Johann Jakob Bernhardi, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1800.
Arctium minus is a species in the genus Arctium which contains approximately 23 to 38 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Arctium lappa.
The plants reach heights of 50 to 300 centimetres.
Arctium minus is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate with dentate margins.
Flowers and Fruits
Arctium minus produces racemes of purple many-stellate flowers from July to August.
The plants produce achenes.
Arctium minus is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, Syria, the Caucasus and Northwest Africa and is naturalized in North America.
The plants tolerate temperatures down to -40Â°C (USDA zone 3).
Suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.