Arctium minus

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Arctium minus Bernh.

Asteraceae

Life form: annual or biennial

  3

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Arctium minus, commonly known as common burdock, lesser burdock, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Arctium minus was already described and the name validly published by John Hill. It was Johann Jakob Bernhardi, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1800.

Taxonomy

Arctium minus is a species in the genus Arctium which contains approximately 23 to 38 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Arctium lappa.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 50 to 300 centimetres.

Leaves

Arctium minus is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate with dentate margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Arctium minus produces racemes of purple many-stellate flowers from July to August.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Arctium minus is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, Syria, the Caucasus and Northwest Africa and is naturalized in North America.

Cultivation

The plants tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Uses

Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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