Arctium lappa

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Arctium lappa L.

Asteraceae

Life form: annual or biennial

Exposure: sun   3

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Arctium lappa, commonly known as great burdock, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Arctium lappa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1803. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Arctium lappa is the type species of the genus Arctium which contains approximately 23 to 38 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 1 to 3 metres.

Leaves

Arctium lappa is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, dentate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Arctium lappa produces corymbs of purple many-stellate flowers from July to August.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Arctium lappa is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, Iran, West-Siberia, Sakhalin, Central Asia, the Himalaya, China, Alaska, Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US, the Northwest of the US and California.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

Suited for cottage gardens.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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