Arctanthemum arcticum

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Arctanthemum arcticum (L.) Spreng.

Asteraceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: half shade   1

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves: decidious

Shape: orbicular

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Arctanthemum arcticum is a perennial.

Naming

Arctanthemum arcticum was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Nikolai Nikolaievich Tzvelev, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1985.

Taxonomy

Arctanthemum arcticum is a species in the genus Arctanthemum which contains 5 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 10 to 40 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Arctanthemum arcticum is deciduous. The leaves are simple and moss-green. They are orbicular. The leaves are around 30 to 40 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Arctanthemum arcticum produces solitary yellow many-stellate flowers from June to August.

The perennials carry black achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy clay with a pH between 5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures below -45°C (USDA zone 1).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 35 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for cottage gardens, rockeries and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

Propagate by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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