Aralia racemosa

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Aralia racemosa L.

Araliaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: not specified

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: drupe

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Aralia racemosa is a perennial.

Naming

Aralia racemosa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aralia racemosa is the type species of the genus Aralia which contains approximately 79 to 103 species and belongs to the family of the Araliaceae (Ginseng Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 2,5 to 3 metres.

Leaves

Aralia racemosa is deciduous. The leaves are alternate. They are ovate.

Flowers and Fruits

Aralia racemosa produces umbels of white five-stellate flowers from July to August.

The perennials produce drupes.

Root System

The plants form tap roots.

Distribution

Aralia racemosa is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Rocky Mountains, the Southwest of the US, the Southeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US and Mexico.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 1 metre, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • Remove flower heads after flowering.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links