Aralia nudicaulis

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Aralia nudicaulis L.

Araliaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: drupe

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Aralia nudicaulis, commonly known as wild sarsaparilla, American sarsaparilla, is a perennial.

Naming

Aralia nudicaulis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aralia nudicaulis is a species in the genus Aralia which contains approximately 79 to 103 species and belongs to the family of the Araliaceae (Ginseng Family). The type species of the genus is Aralia racemosa.

Characteristics

Aralia nudicaulis - habitus
Aralia nudicaulis - leaves
Aralia nudicaulis - inflorescence

Growth

The perennials have a erect habit and reach heights of 30 to 60 centimetres. The main growing season is in spring and summer.

Leaves

Aralia nudicaulis is deciduous. The green, bipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are ovate and have denticulate margins. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Aralia nudicaulis produces showy white five-stellate flowers from May to July. The plants are hermaphroditic.

In summer the perennials produce an abundance of ornamental black drupes that are persistent on the plant.

Root System

The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Aralia nudicaulis is native to Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US, the Rocky Mountains and the Northwest of the US.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. They prefer loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay soil with a pH between 5 and 7,2. The plants need a soil depth of at least 25 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 12 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
  • medium: drought, calcareous soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 60 to 90 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by ripe cuttings or by sowing. The seeds require vernalization.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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