Aralia nudicaulis L.
Aralia nudicaulis, commonly known as wild sarsaparilla, American sarsaparilla, is a perennial.
Aralia nudicaulis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Aralia nudicaulis is a species in the genus Aralia which contains approximately 79 to 103 species and belongs to the family of the Araliaceae (Ginseng Family). The type species of the genus is Aralia racemosa.
The perennials have a erect habit and reach heights of 30 to 60 centimetres. The main growing season is in spring and summer.
Aralia nudicaulis is deciduous. The green, bipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are ovate and have denticulate margins. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Aralia nudicaulis produces showy white five-stellate flowers from May to July. The plants are hermaphroditic.
In summer the perennials produce an abundance of ornamental black drupes that are persistent on the plant.
The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.
Aralia nudicaulis is native to Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US, the Rocky Mountains and the Northwest of the US.
The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. They prefer loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay soil with a pH between 5 and 7,2. The plants need a soil depth of at least 25 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 12 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
- medium: drought, calcareous soil
The recommended planting distance is 60 to 90 centimetres.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by ripe cuttings or by sowing. The seeds require vernalization.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.