Aquilegia vulgaris Schur
Aquilegia vulgaris is a perennial.
Aquilegia vulgaris was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 80 to 90 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 40 to 80 centimetres.
Aquilegia vulgaris is deciduous. The leaves are bipinnate and dark-green. The leaflets are petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Aquilegia vulgaris produces racemes of white campanulate flowers from May to June.
The perennials carry brown follicles.
Aquilegia vulgaris is native to France, Central Europe, Italy, Slovenia, the Alps, the Apennine Mountains and Abruzzo.
The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- flower beds (rich soil)
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as cemetery plant, cut flowers and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
- Cut back after flowering.
Propagate by sowing.
Aquilegia vulgaris is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.