Apium graveolens

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Apium graveolens L.

Apiaceae

Life form: annual or biennial

 

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: obovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: compound umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Apium graveolens, commonly known as wild celery, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Apium graveolens was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Apium graveolens is a species in the genus Apium which contains approximately 18 to 55 species and belongs to the family of the Apiaceae (Carrot Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 15 to 150 centimetres.

Leaves

Apium graveolens is deciduous. The imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Apium graveolens produces compound umbels of white five-stellate flowers from July to September.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Apium graveolens is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, northern Iran, the western Himalaya, Pakistan, North Africa, the Canary Islands and Madeira.

Cultivation

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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