Anthoxanthum odoratum

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Anthoxanthum odoratum L.

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   4

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

12C / ffd85c 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Anthoxanthum odoratum is a grass.

Naming

Anthoxanthum odoratum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anthoxanthum odoratum is a species in the genus Anthoxanthum which contains approximately 24 to 26 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Anthoxanthum odoratum - habitus

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 15 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Anthoxanthum odoratum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Anthoxanthum odoratum produces panicles of light yellow flowers from May to June.

The grasses produce caryopses.

Root System

Distribution

Anthoxanthum odoratum is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Central Asia, Northwest Africa and Greenland and is naturalized in North America, Australia and Tasmania.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • heathlands/dunes (poor soil)
  • open areas

Uses

The ornamental value of Anthoxanthum odoratum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for roof greening.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Anthoxanthum odoratum is slightly toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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