Anthemis cotula

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Anthemis cotula L.

Asteraceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Anthemis cotula, commonly known as mayweed, stinking chamomile, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Anthemis cotula was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anthemis cotula is a species in the genus Anthemis which contains approximately 222 to 315 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family). The type species of the genus is Anthemis maritima.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 15 to 35 centimetres.

Leaves

Anthemis cotula is deciduous. The imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The linear leaflets are entire and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Anthemis cotula produces white many-stellate flowers from June to October.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Anthemis cotula is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Caucasus, Iran, Iraq, North Africa and Ethiopia and is naturalized in North America, South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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