Annona squamosa

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Annona squamosa L.

Annonaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   9

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: not specified

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: not specified

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Magnoliopsida
Subclassis:
Magnoliidae
Superordo:
Magnolianae
Ordo:
Annonales

Annona squamosa, commonly known as sweet sop, is a tree.

Naming

Annona squamosa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Annona squamosa is a species in the genus Annona which contains approximately 170 to 202 species and belongs to the family of the Annonaceae (Custard-apple Family). The type species of the genus is Annona muricata.

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively short-lived trees reach heights of 6 to 8 metres, they have a rounded habit and produce a single stem. The main growing season is in summer and fall.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Annona squamosa is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are entire. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Annona squamosa produces showy yellow flowers from June to September.

The trees carry ornamental, edible green fruits in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Annona squamosa is native to Central America and the West Indies and is naturalized in Florida.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay and comparatively poor. The plants need a soil depth of at least 61 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9) and need a frost-free period of at least 52 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
  • medium: calcareous soil
  • high: drought

Uses

The plants have moderate potential for fuelwood production.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing or by cuttings.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Annona squamosa is slightly toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links