Annona squamosa L.
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Annona squamosa, commonly known as sweet sop, is a tree.
Annona squamosa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Annona squamosa is a species in the genus Annona which contains approximately 170 to 202 species and belongs to the family of the Annonaceae (Custard-apple Family). The type species of the genus is Annona muricata.
The comparatively short-lived trees reach heights of 6 to 8 metres, they have a rounded habit and produce a single stem. The main growing season is in summer and fall.
Wood and Bark
Annona squamosa is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are entire. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Annona squamosa produces showy yellow flowers from June to September.
The trees carry ornamental, edible green fruits in autumn.
Annona squamosa is native to Central America and the West Indies and is naturalized in Florida.
The trees prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay and comparatively poor. The plants need a soil depth of at least 61 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -7Â°C (USDA zone 9) and need a frost-free period of at least 52 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- low: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
- medium: calcareous soil
- high: drought
The plants have moderate potential for fuelwood production.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing or by cuttings.
Annona squamosa is slightly toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.