Angelica sylvestris L.
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Angelica sylvestris is a perennial.
Angelica sylvestris was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively long-lived perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 50 to 150 centimetres.
Angelica sylvestris is deciduous. The bluish green, bipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are ovate and have dentate margins.
Flowers and Fruits
Angelica sylvestris produces compound umbels of white five-stellate flowers from July to September.
The perennials produce achenes.
Angelica sylvestris is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, West-Siberia and East Siberia.
The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
The recommended planting distance is 1,5 metre, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
- Cut back after flowering to prevent self-seeding.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.