Angelica sylvestris

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Angelica sylvestris L.

Apiaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   7

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: compound umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Angelica sylvestris is a perennial.

Naming

Angelica sylvestris was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Angelica sylvestris is the type species of the genus Angelica which contains approximately 130 to 170 species and belongs to the family of the Apiaceae (Carrot Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively long-lived perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 50 to 150 centimetres.

Leaves

Angelica sylvestris is deciduous. The bluish green, bipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are ovate and have dentate margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Angelica sylvestris produces compound umbels of white five-stellate flowers from July to September.

The perennials produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Angelica sylvestris is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, West-Siberia and East Siberia.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 1,5 metre, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • Cut back after flowering to prevent self-seeding.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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