Anemone vernalis

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Anemone vernalis L.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun   4

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: semi-evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: nutlet

IV

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: nodding

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Anemone vernalis is a perennial with white flowers that are tinged pink on the outside.

Naming

Anemone vernalis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anemone vernalis is a species in the genus Anemone which contains approximately 204 to 289 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family). The type species of the genus is Anemone coronaria.

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 5 to 15 centimetres.

Leaves

Anemone vernalis is semi-deciduous. The bipinnate leaves are basal. The ovate leaflets are pinnatifid and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Anemone vernalis produces solitary nodding, white cup-shaped flowers in April.

The perennials carry ornamental nutlets.

Root System

Distribution

Anemone vernalis is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles and eastern Central Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 10 to 20 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for rockeries, as well as suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.


Cultivars

Poisonousness

Anemone vernalis is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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