Anemone sylvestris

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Anemone sylvestris L.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: palmately lobed

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: nutlet

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: nodding

Growth form: mat-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Anemone sylvestris, commonly known as snowdrop windflower, is a perennial.

Naming

Anemone sylvestris was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anemone sylvestris is a species in the genus Anemone which contains approximately 204 to 289 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family). The type species of the genus is Anemone coronaria.

Characteristics

Anemone sylvestris - habitus
Anemone sylvestris - flowers
Anemone sylvestris - seeds

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing perennials have a mat-forming habit and reach heights of 30 to 50 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 0.6 to 1 metres.

Leaves

Anemone sylvestris is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are basal. They are palmately lobed and petiolate with dentate margins and palmate venation. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.

Flowers and Fruits

Anemone sylvestris produces solitary nodding, white six-stellate flowers from April to May.

The perennials carry ornamental nutlets.

Root System

The plants form fibrous roots.

Distribution

Anemone sylvestris is native to the whole of Europe and the Caucasus.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • rockeries
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The ornamental value of Anemone sylvestris lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for rockeries and for mixed borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, groundcover, cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Anemone sylvestris is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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