Pulsatilla vulgaris

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Pulsatilla vulgaris Mill.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: dry

Soil: sand - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: acicular

Division: bipinnate

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: nutlet

87C / 8b62b2 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Pulsatilla vulgaris is a perennial.

Naming

Pulsatilla vulgaris was described by Philip Miller in 1768. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Pulsatilla vulgaris is the type species of the genus Pulsatilla which contains approximately 21 to 83 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family).

Characteristics

Pulsatilla vulgaris - habitus
Pulsatilla vulgaris - flowers
Pulsatilla vulgaris - fruits

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 15 to 25 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Pulsatilla vulgaris is deciduous. The bluish green, bipinnate leaves are basal. The acicular leaflets are entire and petiolate. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.

Flowers and Fruits

Pulsatilla vulgaris produces solitary erect, bluish purple campanulate flowers from March to April.

The perennials produce ornamental white nutlets in summer.

Root System

Distribution

Pulsatilla vulgaris is native to Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be sandy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Uses

Pulsatilla vulgaris is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for rockeries and for roof greening, as well as suited as slope plant, specimen plant and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Divide every few years.

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Pulsatilla vulgaris is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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