Anemone montana

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Anemone montana Hoppe ex Sturm

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: digitate

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: nutlet

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: cyme

Petals: not specified
Habit: nodding

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Anemone montana, commonly known as mountain pasqueflower, is a perennial with dark purple flowers.

Naming

Anemone montana was described by M. Hopp in 1817. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anemone montana is a species in the genus Anemone which contains approximately 204 to 289 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family). The type species of the genus is Anemone coronaria.

Characteristics

Anemone montana - habitus
Anemone montana - flowers

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 10 to 20 centimetres.

Leaves

Anemone montana is deciduous. The dark-green, digitate leaves are basal. The ovate leaflets are pinnatisect and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Anemone montana produces cymes of nodding, purple cup-shaped flowers from March to May.

The perennials produce nutlets.

Root System

Distribution

Anemone montana is native to France, Italy, Switzerland, Romania and the Balkan Peninsula.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6). Under glass use loamy potting compost with added gravel.

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber:

  • alpine garden (especially for plants that are not very competitive)

Uses

Suited for rockeries.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing just before seeds ripen. Germination may take some time.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Anemone montana is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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