Anemone alpina

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Anemone alpina L.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: nutlet

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Anemone alpina is a perennial with white flowers that are tinged blue on the outside.

Naming

Anemone alpina was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anemone alpina is a species in the genus Anemone which contains approximately 204 to 289 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family). The type species of the genus is Anemone coronaria.

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 15 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Anemone alpina is deciduous. The dark-green, bipinnate leaves are basal. The ovate leaflets are pinnatisect and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Anemone alpina produces solitary white cup-shaped flowers from May to August.

The perennials produce nutlets.

Root System

Distribution

Anemone alpina is native to to the mountain regions of the Iberian Peninsula, France and Central Europe as well as the Apennine and the Balkan Peninsula, the Caucasus.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-loamy and comparatively rich. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5). Under glass use loamy potting compost with added gravel.

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • alpine garden (especially for plants that are not very competitive)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: disturbance of the roots

Uses

Suited for rockeries and for troughs.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by root cuttings in winter or by sowing seed in a cold frame when seeds are ripe.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Anemone alpina is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Gnaw marks and slime trails indicate a problem with slugs. Prevent infestation by improving hygiene and by regularly working the soil. In case of an infestation use slug pellets or nematodes to control pest. Handpicking the slug also helps, do this preferably in the evening hours.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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