Chrysopogon zizanioides

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Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty

Poaceae

Life form: grass

 

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Chrysopogon zizanioides is a grass.

Naming

Chrysopogon zizanioides was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Guy Edouard Roberty, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Chrysopogon zizanioides is a species in the genus Chrysopogon which contains approximately 49 to 52 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 1,5 to 3 metres and are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They have a erect habit and have an upright habit, the main growing season is all year round.

Leaves

Chrysopogon zizanioides has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are linear, entire and have parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

The flowers of Chrysopogon zizanioides are arranged in panicles.

In autumn the grasses carry an abundance of caryopses.

Root System

Distribution

Cultivation

The grasses prefer poor soil with a pH between 3 and 8 and require a soil depht of at least 61 centimetres for good growth. The grasses need a frost-free period of at least 52 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: soil salinity, calcareous soil
  • high: anaerobic soil, drought

Uses

The ornamental value of Chrysopogon zizanioides lies especially in the attractive autumn aspect. The recommended planting distance is 60 to 90 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing or by ripe cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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