Cymbopogon citratus

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Cymbopogon citratus (DC. ex Nees) Stapf

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   10

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

165C / bf733f 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Cymbopogon citratus, commonly known as West Indian Lemongrass, is a grass.

Naming

Cymbopogon citratus was already described and the name validly published by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle. It was Otto Stapf, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Cymbopogon citratus is a species in the genus Cymbopogon which contains approximately 56 to 67 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Cymbopogon citratus - habitus

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 1 to 2 metres.

Leaves

Cymbopogon citratus is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Cymbopogon citratus produces panicles of brown flowers from August to September.

The grasses produce caryopses.

Root System

Distribution

The origin of Cymbopogon citratus is uncertain.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited as container plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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