Andira inermis (W.Wright) Kunth ex DC.
Andira inermis is a tree.
Andira inermis was already described and the name validly published by John Wright. It was Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1825.
The trees reach heights of 27 to 37 metres and are comparatively fast-growing and long-lived. They have a irregular habit with a single stem, the main growing season is all year round.
Wood and Bark
Andira inermis is evergreen. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The foliage is dense.
Flowers and Fruits
Andira inermis produces panicles of showy, white pea-shaped flowers from June to September.
The trees produce only few ornamental brown legumes from summer to autumn.
Andira inermis is native to South Florida, Mexico, Central America, South America, West Africa and the West Indies.
The trees prefer a sunny situation. For good growth they need a soil depth of at least 91 centimetres. They tolerate temperatures down to -7Â°C (USDA zone 9) and need a frost-free period of at least 52 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- medium: soil salinity, anaerobic soil, drought, calcareous soil
The ornamental value of Andira inermis lies especially in the attractive autumn aspect. From a commercial point of view the trees can be used to produce posts. The plants have moderate potential for fuelwood production.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing or by cuttings.
Andira inermis is moderately toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.