Andira inermis

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Andira inermis (W.Wright) Kunth ex DC.

Fabaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   9

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: not specified

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: pea-shaped
Fruit: legume

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Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Fabanae
Ordo:
Fabales

Andira inermis is a tree.

Naming

Andira inermis was already described and the name validly published by John Wright. It was Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1825.

Taxonomy

Andira inermis is a species in the genus Andira which contains approximately 49 to 53 species and belongs to the family of the Fabaceae (Legume Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The trees reach heights of 27 to 37 metres and are comparatively fast-growing and long-lived. They have a irregular habit with a single stem, the main growing season is all year round.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Andira inermis is evergreen. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The foliage is dense.

Flowers and Fruits

Andira inermis produces panicles of showy, white pea-shaped flowers from June to September.

The trees produce only few ornamental brown legumes from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Andira inermis is native to South Florida, Mexico, Central America, South America, West Africa and the West Indies.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation. For good growth they need a soil depth of at least 91 centimetres. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9) and need a frost-free period of at least 52 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: soil salinity, anaerobic soil, drought, calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Andira inermis lies especially in the attractive autumn aspect. From a commercial point of view the trees can be used to produce posts. The plants have moderate potential for fuelwood production.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing or by cuttings.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Andira inermis is moderately toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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