Anagallis arvensis

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Anagallis arvensis L.

Primulaceae

Life form: annual or biennial

Exposure: sun  

Moisture: moist

Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: pyxis

40C / e7422b 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Primulanae
Ordo:
Primulales

Anagallis arvensis, commonly known as scarlet pimpernel, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Anagallis arvensis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anagallis arvensis is a species in the genus Anagallis which contains approximately 41 to 53 species and belongs to the family of the Primulaceae (Primrose Family).

Characteristics

Anagallis arvensis - flowers

Growth

The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 5 to 50 centimetres.

Leaves

Anagallis arvensis is deciduous. The simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, entire and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Anagallis arvensis produces solitary salmon-red five-stellate flowers from June to October.

The plants produce pyxides.

Root System

Distribution

Anagallis arvensis is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, the Arabian Peninsula, the Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan, India, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Southeast China, North Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Canada, the northern Prairie States of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, the Southwest of the US, the Rocky Mountains, California, Greenland, South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil.

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Anagallis arvensis is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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