Anagallis arvensis L.
Anagallis arvensis, commonly known as scarlet pimpernel, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.
Anagallis arvensis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 5 to 50 centimetres.
Anagallis arvensis is deciduous. The simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, entire and sessile.
Flowers and Fruits
Anagallis arvensis produces solitary salmon-red five-stellate flowers from June to October.
The plants produce pyxides.
Anagallis arvensis is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, the Arabian Peninsula, the Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan, India, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Southeast China, North Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Canada, the northern Prairie States of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, the Southwest of the US, the Rocky Mountains, California, Greenland, South America, Australia and New Zealand.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil.
Maintenance and Propagation
Anagallis arvensis is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.