Anacardium occidentale

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Anacardium occidentale L.

Anacardiaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

  10

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: obovate

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: drupe

150B / c3d238 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rutanae
Ordo:
Burserales

Anacardium occidentale is a tree.

Naming

Anacardium occidentale was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Anacardium occidentale is the type species of the genus Anacardium which contains approximately 20 to 24 species and belongs to the family of the Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The trees reach heights of 4 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Anacardium occidentale is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are obovate and petiolate with entire margins and arcuate venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Anacardium occidentale produces light-green flowers from March to April.

The trees produce drupes.

Root System

Distribution

Anacardium occidentale is native to Brazil and is naturalized in the tropics.

Cultivation

The trees tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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