Ammophila breviligulata

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Ammophila breviligulata Fernald

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: dry

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Ammophila breviligulata is a grass.

Naming

Ammophila breviligulata was described by Merritt Lyndon Fernald in 1920. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Ammophila breviligulata is a species in the genus Ammophila which contains approximately 5 to 6 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 60 to 100 centimetres. The main growing season is from spring to fall.

Leaves

Ammophila breviligulata is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is dense in summer and porous in winter.

Flowers and Fruits

Ammophila breviligulata produces yellow flowers from July to September.

The grasses produce brown caryopses in summer.

Root System

The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Ammophila breviligulata is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US and North Carolina.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be comparatively rich with a pH between 5,8 and 7,8. The plants need a soil depth of at least 51 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 19 weeks.

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: anaerobic soil
  • medium: drought
  • high: soil salinity, calcareous soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 90 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by ripe cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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