Ammophila arenaria

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Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   5

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Ammophila arenaria is a grass.

Naming

Ammophila arenaria was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1827.

Taxonomy

Ammophila arenaria is a species in the genus Ammophila which contains approximately 5 to 6 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 20 to 35 centimetres.

Leaves

Ammophila arenaria is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Ammophila arenaria produces spikes of yellow flowers from June to August.

The grasses produce ornamental brown caryopses in spring.

Root System

Distribution

Ammophila arenaria is native to to the coastal regions of Europe, Turkey, Cyprus, Palaestine and North Africa, and is naturalized in North America .

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation. They prefer soil with a pH between 6 and 8,5 and need a soil depth of at least 51 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • flower beds (rich soil)
  • open areas
  • rockeries

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited as cut flowers.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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