Ammi visnaga

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Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam.

Apiaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: bipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: compound umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Ammi visnaga belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Ammi visnaga was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1779.

Taxonomy

Ammi visnaga is a species in the genus Ammi which contains approximately 7 to 16 species and belongs to the family of the Apiaceae (Carrot Family).

Characteristics

Ammi visnaga - habitus

Growth

The plants reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres.

Leaves

Ammi visnaga is deciduous. The bipinnate leaves are alternate. The linear leaflets are entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Ammi visnaga produces compound umbels of white five-stellate flowers from July to September.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Ammi visnaga is native to France, the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, Turkey, Cyprus, northern Iraq, Iran, the Canary Islands and North Afrika and is naturalized in North America, Mexico, Chile and Argentina.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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