Ammi majus

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Ammi majus L.

Apiaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: compound umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Ammi majus, commonly known as bullwort, false bishop's weed, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Ammi majus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Ammi majus is a species in the genus Ammi which contains approximately 7 to 16 species and belongs to the family of the Apiaceae (Carrot Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 20 to 100 centimetres.

Leaves

Ammi majus is deciduous. The bipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are serrulate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Ammi majus produces compound umbels of white five-stellate flowers from June to October.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Ammi majus is native to France, the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Iraq, Iran, North Africa and Ethiopia and is naturalized in western Europe, Central Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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