Aurinia saxatilis

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Aurinia saxatilis Desv.

Brassicaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   2

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: spatulate

Division: simple

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: silicle

13B / ffc320 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: cushion- or mound-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Capparales

Aurinia saxatilis is a perennial.

Naming

Aurinia saxatilis was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Nicaise Auguste Desvaux, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1815.

Taxonomy

Aurinia saxatilis is a species in the genus Aurinia which contains 12 species and belongs to the family of the Brassicaceae (Mustard Family).

Characteristics

Aurinia saxatilis - habitus

Growth

The perennials have a pulvinate (cushion-formig) habit and reach heights of 25 to 40 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Aurinia saxatilis is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are spatulate, entire and sessile. The surface of the leaves is pilose.

Flowers and Fruits

Aurinia saxatilis produces panicles of erect, yellow-orange cruciform flowers from April to May. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The perennials produce silicles.

Root System

Distribution

Aurinia saxatilis is native to Central Europe and Southern Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

The ornamental value of Aurinia saxatilis lies especially in the ornamental leaves. Suited for rockeries, roof greening and for beds and borders, as well as suited as groundcover and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Honeydew, galls and distorted leaves are a sign for an infestation with aphids. Use an insecticide or control biologically , e.g. with parasitic wasps or predators such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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