Alpinia galanga

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Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw.

Zingiberaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: economic plant

  10

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: not specified

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Zingiberanae
Ordo:
Zingiberales

Alpinia galanga is a perennial.

Naming

Alpinia galanga was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Carl Ludwig von Willdenow, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1797.

Taxonomy

Alpinia galanga is a species in the genus Alpinia which contains approximately 244 to 253 species and belongs to the family of the Zingiberaceae (Ginger Family).

Characteristics

Alpinia galanga - flowers
Alpinia galanga - roots

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 1,5 to 2 metres.

Leaves

Alpinia galanga is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Alpinia galanga produces white campanulate flowers from May to August.

The perennials produce fruits in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Alpinia galanga is native to India, Sri Lanka and the Malay Archipelago.

Cultivation

The perennials tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

The ornamental value of Alpinia galanga lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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