Aloysia citriodora

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Aloysia citriodora Ortega ex Pers.

Verbenaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: salverform
Fruit: schizocarp

73D / d5b3e5 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Lamiales

Aloysia citriodora is a shrub.

Naming

Taxonomy

Aloysia citriodora is a species in the genus Aloysia which contains approximately 51 to 52 species and belongs to the family of the Verbenaceae (Vervain Family).

Characteristics

Aloysia citriodora - habitus
Aloysia citriodora - leaves

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 2,5 to 3 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Aloysia citriodora is deciduous. The simple leaves are opposite. They are lanceolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Aloysia citriodora produces spikes of light purple salverform flowers from August to September.

The shrubs produce schizocarps.

Root System

Distribution

Aloysia citriodora is native to Uruguay, Argentina and Chile.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • flower beds (rich soil)

Uses

The ornamental value of Aloysia citriodora lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 80 centimetres, the shrubs are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited as container plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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