Alopecurus pratensis L.
Alopecurus pratensis, commonly known as meadow foxtail, is a grass.
Alopecurus pratensis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively fast-growing and long-lived grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 15 to 100 centimetres. They spread slowly, the main growing season is in spring and summer.
Alopecurus pratensis is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is dense in summer and porous in winter.
Flowers and Fruits
Alopecurus pratensis produces spikes of yellow flowers from May to July.
The grasses produce an abundance of brown caryopses from spring to summer.
The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.
Alopecurus pratensis is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus, West-Siberia, East Siberia and Central Asia and is naturalized in North America.
The grasses prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy and comparatively rich with a pH between 5,8 and 8. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: anaerobic soil
- low: soil salinity, drought
- high: calcareous soil
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.