Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.
Alopecurus myosuroides, commonly known as black grass, is a grass.
Alopecurus myosuroides was described by William Hudson in 1762. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively short-lived grasses reach heights of to 100 centimetres, they have a decumbent habit . The main growing season is in spring.
Alopecurus myosuroides is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Alopecurus myosuroides produces spikes of green flowers from June to September.
The grasses produce yellow caryopses from summer to autumn.
Alopecurus myosuroides is native to the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, France and Eastern Europe and is naturalized in Sicily and Malta, in Central Europe, eastern Central Europe and New Zealand.
The grasses prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should be comparatively poor with a pH between 4 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 17 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: soil salinity, drought
- medium: calcareous soil
- high: anaerobic soil
The recommended planting distance is 30 to 45 centimetres.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.