Alopecurus geniculatus L.
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Alopecurus geniculatus, commonly known as marsh foxtail, marsh meadow foxtail, is a grass.
Alopecurus geniculatus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively short-lived grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of to 100 centimetres. The main growing season is in spring.
Alopecurus geniculatus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Alopecurus geniculatus produces spikes of green flowers from June to September.
The grasses produce yellow caryopses from summer to autumn.
The plants produce stolons which give rise to vegetative spread.
Alopecurus geniculatus is native to the whole of Europe, Iran, Afghanistan, India, West-Siberia, China and Japan and is naturalized in North America, Australia and New Zealand.
The grasses prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay and comparatively poor with a pH between 4 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 14 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: soil salinity, drought
- low: calcareous soil
- high: anaerobic soil
The recommended planting distance is 30 to 45 centimetres.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing or by ripe cuttings.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.