Alopecurus carolinianus Walter
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Alopecurus carolinianus, commonly known as Carolina foxtail, is a grass.
Alopecurus carolinianus was described by Thomas Walter in 1788. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively short-lived grasses reach heights of to 100 centimetres, they have a erect habit and have an upright habit. The main growing season is in spring.
Alopecurus carolinianus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Alopecurus carolinianus produces spikes of green flowers from March to May.
The grasses produce only few yellow caryopses in summer.
The grasses prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay and comparatively poor with a pH between 4 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 14 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: soil salinity
- low: drought
- medium: calcareous soil
- high: anaerobic soil
The recommended planting distance is 30 to 60 centimetres.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing or by ripe cuttings.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.