Alopecurus carolinianus

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Alopecurus carolinianus Walter

Poaceae

Life form: grass

Exposure: sun   4

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

134B / 229143 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Alopecurus carolinianus, commonly known as Carolina foxtail, is a grass.

Naming

Alopecurus carolinianus was described by Thomas Walter in 1788. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Alopecurus carolinianus is a species in the genus Alopecurus which contains approximately 52 to 74 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively short-lived grasses reach heights of to 100 centimetres, they have a erect habit and have an upright habit. The main growing season is in spring.

Leaves

Alopecurus carolinianus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Alopecurus carolinianus produces spikes of green flowers from March to May.

The grasses produce only few yellow caryopses in summer.

Root System

Distribution

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay and comparatively poor with a pH between 4 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 14 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity
  • low: drought
  • medium: calcareous soil
  • high: anaerobic soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 to 60 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing or by ripe cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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