Alopecurus arundinaceus Poir.
Alopecurus arundinaceus, commonly known as creeping meadow foxtail, is a grass.
Alopecurus arundinaceus was described by Jean Louis Marie Poiret in 1808. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively fast-growing grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres. They spread rapidly, the main growing season is in spring and summer.
Alopecurus arundinaceus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is dense in summer and porous in winter.
Flowers and Fruits
Alopecurus arundinaceus produces spikes of yellow flowers from April to May.
The grasses produce black caryopses from spring to summer.
The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.
Alopecurus arundinaceus is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey and northern Asia.
The grasses prefer a sunny situation. They prefer loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay soil with a pH between 5,5 and 8,4. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 4 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- medium: drought, calcareous soil
- high: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.