Alopecurus arundinaceus

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Alopecurus arundinaceus Poir.

Poaceae

Life form: grass

Exposure: sun   5

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Alopecurus arundinaceus, commonly known as creeping meadow foxtail, is a grass.

Naming

Alopecurus arundinaceus was described by Jean Louis Marie Poiret in 1808. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Alopecurus arundinaceus is a species in the genus Alopecurus which contains approximately 52 to 74 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres. They spread rapidly, the main growing season is in spring and summer.

Leaves

Alopecurus arundinaceus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is dense in summer and porous in winter.

Flowers and Fruits

Alopecurus arundinaceus produces spikes of yellow flowers from April to May.

The grasses produce black caryopses from spring to summer.

Root System

The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Alopecurus arundinaceus is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey and northern Asia.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation. They prefer loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay soil with a pH between 5,5 and 8,4. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 4 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: drought, calcareous soil
  • high: soil salinity, anaerobic soil

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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