Alopecurus alpinus

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Alopecurus alpinus Sm.

Poaceae

Life form: grass

Exposure: half shade   5

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Alopecurus alpinus is a grass.

Naming

Alopecurus alpinus was described by Domínique Villars in 1786. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Alopecurus alpinus is a species in the genus Alopecurus which contains approximately 52 to 74 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively short-lived grasses have a semi-erect habit and spread slowly. The main growing season is in spring and summer.

Leaves

Alopecurus alpinus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Alopecurus alpinus produces spikes of white flowers from April to May.

The grasses produce only few green caryopses from spring to summer.

Root System

The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a half-shady situation. They prefer sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 5 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 15 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 17 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: drought
  • medium: soil salinity, calcareous soil
  • high: anaerobic soil

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links