Aloe aspera Haw.
Aloe aspera is a succulent perennial.
Aloe aspera was described by Adrian Hardy Haworth in 1804. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials reach heights of 5 to 15 centimetres.
Aloe aspera is evergreen. The simple leaves are in rosettes. They are deltoid with entire margins.
Flowers and Fruits
Aloe aspera produces racemes of white tubular flowers.
The perennials produce loculicidal capsules.
Aloe aspera is native to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.
The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-sandy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1Â°C (USDA zone 10). Under glass use cactus compost.
In summer the plants prefer low humidity, protection from direct sunlight, good ventilation. In winter the plants prefer bright light.
The perennials are suited for cultivation in a temperate house and hot house, growing the plants outdoors all year round is only possible in warm climates. Suited for desert gardens and for rockeries, as well as suited as indoor plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Repot as necessary in spring.
- For healthy growth apply cactus fertilizer monthly during growth.
- Water moderately in summer, do not water in winter. allow the soil to dry in between watering.
- temperature in winter should be 10Â°C.
- Sowing in spring at 22 Â°C.
- Division in spring
- Layering in spring
Pests and Diseases
Waxy fibres and honeydew on leaves and shoots indicate an infestation with mealybugs. Apply insecticide or control biologically with predatory ladybirds.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.