Aloe aspera

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Aloe aspera Haw.

Aloaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty-sandy

Arrangement: rosette
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: deltoid

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Asparagales
Subordo:
Aloineae

Aloe aspera is a succulent perennial.

Naming

Aloe aspera was described by Adrian Hardy Haworth in 1804. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aloe aspera is a species in the genus Aloe which contains approximately 535 to 609 species and belongs to the family of the Aloaceae (Aloe Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 5 to 15 centimetres.

Leaves

Aloe aspera is evergreen. The simple leaves are in rosettes. They are deltoid with entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Aloe aspera produces racemes of white tubular flowers.

The perennials produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Aloe aspera is native to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-sandy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10). Under glass use cactus compost.

In summer the plants prefer low humidity, protection from direct sunlight, good ventilation. In winter the plants prefer bright light.

Uses

The perennials are suited for cultivation in a temperate house and hot house, growing the plants outdoors all year round is only possible in warm climates. Suited for desert gardens and for rockeries, as well as suited as indoor plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Repot as necessary in spring.
  • For healthy growth apply cactus fertilizer monthly during growth.
  • Water moderately in summer, do not water in winter. allow the soil to dry in between watering.
  • temperature in winter should be 10°C.

Propagation

  • Sowing in spring at 22 °C.
  • Division in spring
  • Layering in spring


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Waxy fibres and honeydew on leaves and shoots indicate an infestation with mealybugs. Apply insecticide or control biologically with predatory ladybirds.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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