Allium ursinum

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Allium ursinum L.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium ursinum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium ursinum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium ursinum is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Allium ursinum - leaves
Allium ursinum - fruits
Allium ursinum - inflorescence

Growth

The plants reach heights of 15 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium ursinum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear and petiolate with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium ursinum produces umbels of white six-stellate flowers in May.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium ursinum is native to the whole of Europe and the Caucasus.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The ornamental value of Allium ursinum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 20 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 15. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • Watch out for sprouting plantlets and remove if necesarry.

Propagate by sowing or by bulblets.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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