Allium ursinum L.
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Allium ursinum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Allium ursinum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Allium ursinum is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.
The plants reach heights of 15 to 30 centimetres.
Allium ursinum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear and petiolate with entire margins and parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Allium ursinum produces umbels of white six-stellate flowers in May.
The plants produce loculicidal capsules.
Allium ursinum is native to the whole of Europe and the Caucasus.
The plants prefer a half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
The ornamental value of Allium ursinum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 20 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 15. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
- Watch out for sprouting plantlets and remove if necesarry.
Propagate by sowing or by bulblets.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.